Dr. R. Paul Thompson hold appointments as Professor in the Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology (also its Director), and in the Departments of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cell and Systems Biology, and Philosophy, and also the Joint Centre for Bioethics.
He has been a Vice-President of the University of Toronto (2002-03) and Principal and Dean of the University of Toronto at Scarborough (1989-2002). He has held visiting professorial appointments at the University of California at Davis and the University of Guelph.
He is the author of The Moral Question, The Structure of Biological Theories, is editor of Issues in Evolutionary Ethics and has published numerous journal articles on population genetics, mathematical modelling in biology, evolutionary theory, theory structure in biology, and ethics. From 1997 to 2005 he was a member of the Bayer Advisory Council on Bioethics and from 2001-2005 was a member of the Monsanto Biotechnology Advisory Council and is currently a member of the Standing Committee on Ethics of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.